Samoa has become the 30th Party to ratify the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the Ozone Layer. The ratification signifies Samoa’s firm commitment to saving Planet Earth not only from ozone depletion but also from Global Warming.
The Kigali Amendment was adopted by the Parties of the Montreal Protocol in October 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda to phase down Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), which are frequently used as substitutes for ozone-depleting substances (ODSs). Although HFCs are not ODSs, they are powerful greenhouse gases that have significant global warming potentials (GWPs).
Under the Kigali Amendment Samoa along with other Countries will commit to cut the production and consumption of HFCs by more than 80% over the next 30 years. It is expected that this will avoid up to 0.5° Celsius warming by the end of the century, while continuing to protect the ozone layer, according to UN Environment.
Through the Kigali Amendment, the Montreal Protocol takes responsibility for HFCs and plays a leading role in working towards an environmentally sustainable World where no one is left behind, consistent with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Samoa had initiated preparations in 2017 for the adoption of the Kigali Amendment through training for the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning technicians on low GWP alternatives, providing awareness programs for stakeholders and reviewing national policies and regulations. Continuous collaboration from Government Ministries Independent Institutions and the Private Sector is encouraged to enable Samoa to fulfil her commitment to phase down potent synthetic gasses.