Climate Change is real, it is affecting the world with its devastating impacts. Samoa, as an island vulnerable to these impacts are experiencing dramatic natural hazards and catastrophes that has already altered lifestyles of the population. A major contributor to CC is the high levels of GHGs in the atmosphere that results from increasing human activity and unsustainable developments within limited resources provided by our environment.
As a movement towards combating CC in the islands, NAMA was introduced during COP13 in Bali 2007, and it was adopted as our mitigating action towards the high levels of GHGs within our atmosphere. NAMA refers to all voluntary non-binding policy instruments that provide a framework for a country to pursue a socio-economic development while contributing towards Global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) mitigation efforts.
Data from Transport Sectors GHG inventory of 2007 had shown the highest source of CO2 emissions is caused from road transport. Therefore the transport sector has developed NAMA interventions through extensive consultations; which are to reduce the GHG emissions from road transport vehicles in Samoa. These 3 interventions are:
(1) Scaling up bio diesel use in diesel vehicles-Short term
Under pilot phase, the Scientific Research Organization of Samoa (SROS) had developed biodiesel from using coconut. Fortunately, this biodiesel was efficient for both old and new diesel engines. However, the IUCN funded project was at short term as there weren’t sufficient raw resources to produce large quantities of biodiesel to cater for Samoa.
(2) Introduction of electric cars-Short term
E cars has never been introduced to Samoa; however, a trial of e-car programme would operate 100 e-cars as taxis during the pilot stage. It has its advantage where it will be able to rely on clean energy, and reduce our reliance on fossil fuel. However, its funding agent is to be gigured out.
(3) Introduction of electric buses for public transport-Long term
Electric buses will be introduced to Samoa where 10 buses will be imported for public transportation operations. This phase is at pending state as it waits for a successful progress after the introduction of 100 electric taxis. This movement towards electric buses is to reflect on Samoa’s commitment in supporting our INDC targets of using sustainable resources for public, and also to raise awareness on the efficiency of switching to electricity based energy vehicles.