IntroductionIn Samoa, a climate change-related increase in natural disasters has put communities and economies at risk. The project Enhancing Resilience of Coastal Communities of Samoa to Climate Change seeks to enhance the resilience of coastal communities through a set of interventions at the community and sub-national policy levels. The project is underway, implementing on-the-ground coastal adaptation measures, addressing climate change impacts on key infrastructure elements and coastal ecosystems. In addition to this, and to ensure that investments are long-lasting and sustainable, it is strengthening institutional policies and capabilities to provide an enabling environment for climate resilient coastal development. The project is due to come to an end in December 2017.
The programme will serve to implement the CIM Strategy, which was originally prepared in 2000 and revised in 2006 to include specific reference to CC related issues. In particular the predicted hazard zones were reviewed against the NAPA data (2005) and inter-alia the Climate Risk Profiles (2007) and reference was made to expected land use impacts from more frequent and intense cyclone events. There is an opportunity under this programme to consider the more detailed and updated climate change projections now available for Samoa. The Strategy which has as its central focus a theme of “resilience”, directs coastal adaptation to focus upon activities which will have a positive effect upon community resilience. It sets out a range of adaptation actions with a strong preference for “soft” actions such as managed retreat over “hard” engineered solutions such as seawalls. The CIM Strategy has been endorsed by Cabinet as official Government policy with respect to coastal management. The programme has a 3-pronged approach:
- First, it targets on-the-ground implementation of coastal adaptation measures, addressing climate change impacts on key infrastructure elements and coastal ecosystems in an integrated way. Integration is achieved within the framework of a comprehensive village land use plan – the CIM Plan.
- The second prong strengthens institutional policies and capacities to provide an enabling environment for climate resilient coastal development.
- The third area of focus is on the systematic capture and dissemination of knowledge and lessons learned to aid and inform further implementation and pursuit of climate resilient development.
** The following key stakeholders were consulted during the formulation of this programme proposal:
- Ministry of Finance
- National Climate Change Country Team
- Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment ( GEF Division, PUMA, Technical Division, CCA Co-ordinator. Land Management Division)
- Ministry of Women, Community and Social Development
- Ministry of Works, Transport and Infrastructure
- Land Transport Authority
- Samoa Umbrella of Non-governmental Organisations (SUNGO)
- United Nations Development Programme
- South Pacific Regional Environment Programme
News and Updates
Key Results and Outputs
- CIM Plans reviewed in 25 districts and updated to integrate climate change-induced disaster risk management principles, adopting a Watershed and Ridge to Reef Management approach.
- Village hazard zone relocation plans taking climate risks into account formulated in at least 15 villages in selected districts.
- Training delivered to at least 300 village leaders and CSO representatives in 139 vilalges on reveiw of CIM Plans and relocation planning process integrating climate risks.
- Climate proofing measures implemented on coatal roads and related infrastructre in at least 10 districts and 40 villages
- Shoreline protection measures implemented in at least 10 districts and 40 villages
- Water supply enhanced to withstand climate chnage risks in at least 5 districts and 15 villages
- Food protection measures are implemented in at least 5 districts and 15 villages
- Revised national organisation and institutional structures for CIM plans implementation
- Village hazard zone relocation handbook prepared to guide further relocation planning activities
- Regulatory procedures for physical works implementation revised with climate chnage risks integrated
- Policymakers and technical officers in the relevant Ministries and Authorities are trained on climate risk assessment and planning processes for coastal adaptation
- Adaptation lessons leaned and best practices generated through the adaptation implementation and related policy processes are captured and disseminated nationally and globally through appropriate mechanisms
Programme Meetings and Workshops
Reports and Publications
Monitoring and Evaluation
- Progress made toward project objective and project outcomes - each with indicators, baseline data and end-of-project targets (cumulative);
- Project outputs delivered per project Outcome (annual);
- Lessons learned/good practices;
- Annual expenditure reports;
- Reporting on project risk management.
|Type of M&E activity||Responsible Parties||Budget US$ Excluding project team staff time||Time frame|
|Inception Workshop and Report||§ Project Manager § UNDP CO, UNDP CCA||Indicative cost: $10,000||Within first two months of project start up|
|Measurement of Means of Verification of project results.||§ UNDP CCA RTA/Project Manager will oversee the hiring of specific studies and institutions, and delegate responsibilities to relevant team members.||To be finalized in Inception Phase and Workshop.||Start, mid and end of project (during evaluation cycle) and annually when required.|
|Measurement of Means of Verification for Project Progress on output and implementation||§ Oversight by Project Manager § Project team||To be determined as part of the Annual Work Plan preparation.||Annually prior to ARR/PIR and to the definition of annual work plans|
|ARR/PIR||§ Project manager and team § UNDP CO § UNDP RTA § UNDP EEG||None||Annually|
|Periodic status/ progress reports||§ Project manager and team||None||Quarterly|
|Mid-term Evaluation||§ Project manager and team § UNDP CO § UNDP RCU § External Consultants (i.e. evaluation team)||Indicative cost: $21,000||At the mid-point of project implementation.|
|Final Evaluation||§ Project manager and team, § UNDP CO § UNDP RCU § External Consultants (i.e. evaluation team)||Indicative cost : $32,000||At least three months before the end of project implementation|
|Project Terminal Report||§ Project manager and team § UNDP CO § local consultant||None||At least three months before the end of the project|
|Audit||§ UNDP CO § Project manager and team||Indicative cost : $13,000||Prior to mid term and final evaluations|
|Visits to field sites||§ UNDP CO § UNDP RCU (as appropriate) § Government representatives||For AF supported projects, paid from IA fees and operational budget||Yearly|
|TOTAL indicative COST Excluding project team staff time and UNDP staff and travel expenses||US$ 76,000|